predicted that the Praetorian prefect Macrinus and his son were to rule over the empire was dutifully sent to Caracalla. During the later Republic, members of the Roman Senatorial elite, as part of the normal sequence of elected public offices known as the cursus honorum, would have served first as quaestor (often posted as deputies to field commanders then as praetor. In the First Dacian War (101102 the defeated Dacia became a client kingdom; in the Second Dacian War (105106 Trajan completely devastated the enemy's resistance and annexed Dacia to the Empire. One scholar identifies a great increase in the purchasing power of gold, two and a half fold from 274 to the later fourth century, which may be an index of growing economic inequality between a gold-rich elite and a cash-poor peasantry.
Republican mores and traditions started to decline during the imperial period, with civil wars becoming a prelude common to the rise of a new emperor. 8 Duiker, William; Spielvogel, Jackson (2001). Diocletian tried to solve this problem by re-establishing an adoptive succession with a senior ( Augustus ) and junior ( Caesar ) emperor in each half of the Empire, but this system of tetrarchy broke down within one generation; the hereditary principle re-established itself with.
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13 14 Because Rhea Silvia had been raped and impregnated by Mars, the Roman god of war, the twins were considered half-divine. Cities were able to hold their own walls against barbarians who had no siege equipment, and they generally remained intact although the countryside suffered. The Fall of the West: The Slow Death of the Roman Superpower. 167 Pupils went to school every day, except religious festivals and market days. This became less important in the later Republic, as some plebeian families became wealthy and entered politics, and some patrician families fell economically. Huns attacked the Eastern empire, and the troops, which had been sent against Genseric, were hastily recalled from Sicily; the garrisons, on the side of Persia, were exhausted; and a military force was collected in Europe, formidable by their arms and numbers, if the generals. Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire by Michael Kerrigan. 364378) and Valentinian I (r.
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