was executed before the completion of his ideology, 92 his idea was disseminated and continuously expanded by the later generations, among them Abdullah Yusuf Azzam and Ayman Al-Zawahiri, who was a student of Qutb's brother Muhammad Qutb and later became a mentor. The obvious use of this concept was to declare secular rulers, officials or organizations, or any Muslims that opposed the Islamist agenda a takfir thereby justifying assassinations and attacks against them. Where possible, be specific and use the name of militant affiliations: al-Qaida-linked, Hezbollah, Taliban, etc. The best tool to reverse the inferiority complex to a superiority complex.
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Xxviii 1 ; In this way the PA has been able to control the economic activities of its political adversaries, including the Hamas and other Islamic opposition groups. 98 "Human Rights Watch 1989 Sudan".
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Roy, Olivier; Sfeir, Antoine (2007). Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism. The country's longstanding support for the group has been often explained as determined by a strategic calculus that limited the role played by religion in Qatar. Massington,., Radtke,. The Brotherhood's base of devout middle class found common cause with the impoverished youth of the intifada in their cultural conservatism and antipathy for activities of the secular middle class such as drinking alcohol and going about without hijab. 10, central and prominent figures in twentieth-century Islamism include. The path of violence and military struggle was then taken up by the Egyptian Islamic Jihad organization responsible for the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981. Holmes, Oliver (3 February 2014). As Islamists took up arms to overthrow the government, the FIS's leaders were arrested and it became overshadowed by Islamist guerrilla groups, particularly the Islamic Salvation Army, MIA and Armed Islamic Group (or GIA). Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, The 9/11 Commission Report,.W.